The results of censuses made in England and Wales since the year 1871 show that the advances have helped more than hurt.
The war between man and machines has a long history. What are they guilty of many job losses or are the necessary help that we have every day to make our work easier?
A study conducted by the consulting firm Deloitte seeks to provide an answer more specific based on the results of censuses made from the year 1871. The conclusion to which they have come is that technology is a “machine to create jobs“, as the same has increased the expenditure of energy by creating more demand and hence more work.
Below are some of the main findings of the study:
Jobs are demanding and dangerous have decreased
In some sectors the technology definitely has cost many jobs as some industries such as agriculture replaces human force by generating a greater production but increasing at the same time the unemployment figures.
“In the Uk, the sector most affected was agriculture”, determines the study. In 1871, 6.6% of jobs in England and Wales were agricultural. Today they represent only 0.2%.
In 1901 the population of England and Wales was 32.5 million persons, of whom about 200,000 were in the business of washing clothes. In 2011, with a population of 56.1 million, only 35.000 working in this sector.
Changes of employment
There has been an increase of 909% in nursing positions and assistants over the last two decades.
In the same period also saw:
580% increase in jobs linked to education.
183% increase in social services.
168% increase in jobs related to the care of older people.
And there was a decline of:
79% in jobs related to the textile industry, 24.009 to 4.961.
57% in jobs of typing.
50% in jobs of secretariat.
In some sectors, including medicine and education, technology has increased productivity and employment at the same time. “The quick access and the fast pace of communication have revolutionized these sectors,” say the authors. On the other hand, the increase in wages has created more demand and employment in the sector accounting.
The technology gave access to more luxuries
The technological progress has reduced the prices on food and even in household appliances. This has left more money to spend in our free time and has created more jobs in some sectors related to night life such as bars and pubs.
That means more money for our hair
The consulting firm Deloitte believes that the increase in salaries has allowed consumers to spend more money in sectors related to personal care linked to the aesthetic as, for example, hairdressers.
In 1871, there was only one hairdresser for each 1.793 citizens in England and Wales; today it is counted one for every 287 residents of these territories.